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>Journals >Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Bucal y Maxilofacial >Year 2014, Issue 1


Bahena ME, Licéaga RR, Taboada AO
Degree of malnutrition and body mass index in patients submitted to surgery Orthognathic in Hospital Juarez, Mexico
Rev Mex Cir Bucal Max 2014; 10 (1)

Language: Español
References: 21
Page: 29-36
PDF: 163.25 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]

ABSTRACT

One of the procedures more commonly performered in the field of the maxillofacial surgery is the orthognathic surgery, in which the patients undergo a series of endocrine and metabolic changes by the decrease in the oral food ingestion because they remain some weeks with fixation to maxillomandibular, when having a low ingestion of nutrients can present/display hypermetabolic states, being reflected in different degrees from undernourishment reason why it is necessary to take into account the indicated above thing and to establish a plan pre and postsurgical nutritional evaluation. Objective: To determine the degree of undernourishment and index of corporal mass (ICM) that present/display the patients who are put under orthognathic surgery while they remain with fixation to maxillomandibular. Material and methods: A observational, proschool, cross-sectional study was realized and descriptive, the study population was conformed by 20 patients who went to the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery of the Hospital Juárez de México with dento-facial diagnosis of disharmony and which they were put under orthognathic surgery. The undernourishment degree was evaluated by means of the IMC and the percentage of corporal fat proposed by the World-Wide Organization of the Health; the data were analyzed through descriptive statistic and as significance tests the t Student with a statistical significance of p were used (< 0.05). Results: Of the 20 patients who were put under orthognathic surgery, 6 (30%) they were of masculine sex and 14 (70%) of feminine sex, the age average was of 21.5 (± 4,5) years, minim 15 years and principle, with respect to the 34 stature the average was of 1.65 m (± 0.08) minimum of 1.52 m, principle of 1.87 m as far as the corporal weight; the greater loss of weight in our patients was registered the second week ago to remain with fixation to maxillomandibular, the average of weight that the patients lost in the first two weeks was of 59.3 what corresponds to 3.42%.


Key words: Malnutrition, index of corporal mass, dento-facial desarmony, orthognathic surgery.





>Journals >Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Bucal y Maxilofacial >Year 2014, Issue 1
 
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